Bologna Process and European Higher Education
The Bologna Process
The Bologna Process seeks to do for European higher education what the euro did in the realm of monetary policy and finance: to replace disparate, nationally controlled structures and practices with a common supranational cooperative framework. And much as was the case with the euro, the goals and means of the Bologna Process are vigorously contested. Each step toward easily readable and comparable degrees, adoption of quality assurances, and fair recognition of foreign degrees involves multiple parties, including university and government bureaucracy. And achieving these goals requires significant local and national adjustment. As with most reforms, Bologna was conceived as a means to greater ends: the facilitation of the flow of (human) capital toward and within Europe; the promotion of deeper and more substantive inter-European cooperation; and an enhancement of Europe’s collective influence on the international stage.
This page, with a wealth of links to substantive articles and news feeds, is designed to help an American academic audience understand the Bologna Process and keep abreast of the latest developments.
Official Bologna Process Information
- The Bologna Declaration of June 1999
- The Bologna Process 2007-2009 at the Benelux Bologna Secretariat
- News and Press Releases
The European Commission and the Bologna Process
Other Reference Material
Analysis, Commentary, and Critique
Will Higher Education Ever Change as It Should?", Chronicle of Higher Education: reflections for US academics
European higher education has a vital contribution to make
in realising a Europe of knowledge that is highly creative and innovative
... Europe can only succeed in this endeavour if it maximises the talents
and capacities of all its citizens and fully engages in lifelong learning as
well as in widening participation in higher education.
- Ministers, Leuven/Louvain-la-Neuve Communiqué, April 2009
"[The Bologna Process] is very important and will make
European universities more competitive internationally...the American
higher education world is almost entirely ignorant of Bologna and its
- Phillip Altbach, Center for International Higher Education, Boston College
Nature, September 2008
"the basic idea behind all educational EU-plans is economic: the basic idea
is the enlargement of scale of the European systems of higher education, ...
in order to enhance its 'competitiveness' by cutting down costs.
- Dr Chris Lorenz, Free University of Amsterdam